Pet Bird Incubation: Everything You Need To Know

Pet Bird Incubation: Everything You Need To Know

Inca Incubators
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Bringing a new pet bird into your life is an exciting experience. However, if you are considering breeding birds or have found abandoned eggs, you may need to take on the role of an incubator. Incubation is the process of providing the necessary conditions for eggs to hatch and for young birds to develop. In this article, we will guide you through the basics of pet bird incubation and give you some essential tips for success.

The Incubation Process

Incubation is a critical period for the development of bird embryos. It involves maintaining the right temperature and humidity levels, as well as providing the necessary care for the eggs. The duration of incubation varies depending on the species of bird, but it typically ranges from a few days to several weeks.

Choosing an Incubator

When it comes to choosing an incubator, there are several options available. You can opt for a manual incubator, which requires more hands-on involvement, or an automatic one that controls temperature and humidity levels for you. Make sure to choose an incubator that is suitable for the size and type of bird eggs you are incubating.

Temperature and Humidity

Temperature and humidity are crucial factors in successful incubation. The ideal temperature for most bird eggs is around 99.5°F (37.5°C), although some species may require slightly different temperatures. It is essential to monitor the temperature regularly and make adjustments if necessary. Humidity levels also play a significant role, with most bird eggs requiring a humidity level of around 50-60%. You can use a hygrometer to measure humidity and add water to the incubator to increase it if needed.

Egg Handling

When handling bird eggs, it is crucial to be gentle and avoid sudden movements. Rough handling can damage the delicate embryo inside. Make sure to wash your hands thoroughly before touching the eggs to avoid transferring any bacteria or dirt. It is also important to turn the eggs regularly to prevent the embryo from sticking to the shell and ensure even development.


Candling is a technique used to monitor the development of bird embryos inside the eggs. It involves shining a bright light through the shell to see the contents. Candling can help you identify fertile eggs, monitor growth, and detect any potential problems early on. You can use a small flashlight or a specialized candling device for this purpose.


The hatching process is an exciting and rewarding moment in the incubation journey. As the eggs near the hatching stage, you may notice the young birds making small cracks in the shell. It is important not to interfere during this process, as the chicks need to exert effort and break out of the shell themselves. Once the birds have hatched, provide them with a warm and safe environment to help them adjust to their new surroundings.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About Pet Bird Incubation

1. How long does it take for bird eggs to hatch?

The duration of incubation varies depending on the species of bird. It can range from a few days to several weeks.

2. Can I use a homemade incubator?

While it is possible to create a homemade incubator, it is recommended to use a commercially available one for better control over temperature and humidity levels.

3. What should I do if an egg doesn’t hatch?

If an egg fails to hatch, it is essential to investigate the possible reasons. It could be due to infertility, improper incubation conditions, or other factors. Consulting a veterinarian or an experienced bird breeder can help determine the cause.

4. How often should I turn the eggs?

It is recommended to turn the eggs at least three times a day to ensure even development and prevent the embryo from sticking to the shell.

5. Can I handle the eggs during incubation?

While it is best to minimize handling, occasional gentle turning and candling are necessary for monitoring the development of the embryos.

6. What should I do if the temperature or humidity levels fluctuate?

If the temperature or humidity levels in the incubator fluctuate, it is essential to make adjustments promptly. Monitoring the conditions regularly and investing in a reliable incubator can help prevent significant fluctuations.

7. How can I tell if an egg is fertile?

By candling the eggs, you can observe the development of the embryo and determine if the egg is fertile.

8. Is it necessary to provide additional heat after hatching?

Yes, young birds may need additional heat after hatching. It is recommended to provide a warm and safe environment to help them adjust to their new surroundings.

9. Can I incubate eggs from different bird species together?

No, it is not advisable to incubate eggs from different bird species together. Each species has specific incubation requirements, and mixing them can lead to unsuccessful hatching.

10. Should I assist a chick that is struggling to hatch?

No, it is important not to assist a chick that is struggling to hatch. The hatching process is a natural and necessary part of their development, and interfering can cause harm.


Incubating pet bird eggs can be a fulfilling and rewarding experience. By understanding the incubation process, providing the right conditions, and giving proper care, you can increase the chances of successful hatching. Remember to consult experts or veterinarians for specific advice on incubating different bird species. With patience and dedication, you can witness the miracle of life as the eggs hatch into beautiful birds.


Pet bird incubation, bird breeding, incubation process, bird eggs, temperature, humidity, egg handling, candling, hatching, frequently asked questions

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